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What Eating Pattern Should I Follow For My Diabetes?

For those that have Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes, it can be more of a struggle than enjoyable when it comes to choosing a meal. There are so many other questions to ask other than if the item tastes great. There is always a feeling of maybe not making the best choice when it comes to picking food items compared to others with diabetes but there is no “One-Size-Fits-All” meal plan or eating pattern. Everyone should have an individualized plan based on their own health needs, goals, personal or cultural preferences, knowledge and access to healthy foods. There is no standard meal pattern that will work for everyone since each person has different needs to control their diabetes.

When it comes to nutrition there are some general goals that should be accomplished such as:

  • Emphasize a healthy eating pattern with a variety of nutrient-dense food in the correct portions sizes
  • Follow individuals nutrition needs based on preferences, literacy, access to healthy foods, ability and willingness to make behavior changes
  • Maintain pleasure in eating through positive messages and only limit foods when scientific evidence is proven
  • Provide tools for day-to-day meal planning instead of focusing on specific nutrients or single foods

All the goals above help an individual with attaining the general recommended for glycemic, blood pressure and lipid goals. Along with working toward and maintaining body weight goals, which are listed below:

  • A1C: less than 7%
  • Blood pressure: less than 120/180 mmHg
  • LDL cholesterol: less than 100 mg/dL
  • Triglycerides: less than 150mg/dL
  • Men, HDL cholesterol: greater than 40 mg/dL
  • Women, HDL cholesterol: greater than 50 mg/dL

Those that are seeking help to monitor, control or change behaviors that are specific to nutrition, should contact a Registered Dietitian. These healthcare professionals work with you on nutrition specific to you as an individual.


Evert, A. B., Boucher, J. L., Cypress, M., Dunbar, S. A., Franz, M. J., Mayer-Davis, E. J., Yancy, W. S. (2014, January 01). Nutrition Therapy Recommendations for the Management of Adults With Diabetes. Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/37/Supplement_1/S120.full

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British Colummbia. (2019, January 14). Thinking of Running for Local Office? Retrieved from https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/local-governments/governance-powers/general-local-elections/thinking-of-running